1. Kerguelen Islands, Southern Indian Ocean
The Kerguelen Islands, also known as the Desolation Islands, are a group of islands in the Antarctic constituting one of the two exposed parts of the Kerguelen Plateau, a large igneous province mostly submerged by the southern Indian Ocean.
2. Pitcairn Island, British Overseas Territory, Pacific Ocean
The Pitcairn Islands, officially Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands, are a group of four volcanic islands in the southern Pacific Ocean that form the sole British Overseas Territory in the South Pacific Ocean.
3. Ittoqqortoormiit, Greenland
Ittoqqortoormiit or Illoqqortoormiut, formerly known as Scoresbysund, is a settlement in the Sermersooq municipality in eastern Greenland. Its population was 452 as of 2013
4. La Rinconada, Peru
La Rinconada is a town in the Peruvian Andes near a gold mine. At 5,100 m above sea level, it is the highest permanent settlement in the world. Between 2001 and 2009, the population increased to 30,000 people from just a small gold prospector camp because the price of gold rose 235% over that period.
Information Source : Wikipedia